Class Code: 4432
Per NCCI's Scopes Code Description:
Code 4432 is applied to employers that manufacture fountain pens, ballpoint pens and automatic or mechanical pencils. Precious metal and nonprecious sheet metal stock, plating solutions, pen points or nibs, pencil lead, plastic tubing, ink, hollow brass rods, carbide tungsten balls, polystyrene, butyrate or tenite granules or pellets, polystyrene packaging film, cardboard and boxes are received from others. The manufacture of gold or silver fountain pens and mechanical pencils usually requires individual workmanship on each item. Much of the work for the precious metal or metal products is done on small, slow-moving presses. Some parts may be produced by an automatic screw machine process. All parts, including the fountain pen plastic tubing, which has been cut to length, are assembled by hand or machine. Usually, a high proportion of employees perform finishing operations such as plating, buffing, polishing, inspecting, and packaging.
In the manufacture of ballpoint pens, polystyrene barrels, tops, bottoms and caps are injection-molded from granules or pellets. The tubing for the ink reservoirs is cut to length. Automatic assembly machines load the balls (formed on ball grinding machines) into the points. Others assemble the points and supports (formed from brass rods in automatic screw machines) and roll the supports onto the ink tubing. The point and the tube assemblies are placed in ink filling machines. The parts are then assembled into the barrels and the pens are capped and packaged.
Crayons are manufactured by mixing wax and pigments inside heated vessels. The mixture is then poured or pumped into molds that are shaped like crayons. After a cooling period, labels are attached to the crayons, which completes the manufacturing process.
Massachusetts Refer to Code 2942 for the manufacture of crayons, wooden pencils, and penholders.