Class Code: 2211
Per NCCI's Scopes Code Description:
Raw materials in the form of cull cotton, raw cotton, waste cotton, and synthetic waste fibers such as polyester fibers are received from others. These materials are generally processed by shredding, willowing, picking, dusting, garnetting, and surface finishing. On occasion, fibers are treated with resins to produce a coherent mass. Products of such plants include wadding for candy packing, batting for upholstering of furniture, automobile tops, bed comforters and crating pads.
Shoddy manufacturing is a reworking of rags or mill waste until these materials are reduced to their original fibers. Processes associated with the production of shoddy may include sorting, classifying, carbonizing (exposing rags to hydrochloric acid fumes), baking, dusting, washing, drying, batching, picking, garnetting, and baling.
Wool separating operations may include soaking rags in diluted sulphuric acid or carbonizing to remove cotton and other foreign matter. The rags are then dried and processed to remove dust, washed in alkali to neutralize the remaining acid, and then dried.
Wool combing or scouring entities receive raw wool from others. The wool is thrown into dusters, which remove most of the dirt and foreign matter prior to scouring. The wool may then pass directly to scouring tanks or may be picked, lumped, and carded. In the scouring process, the wool is fed by conveyor or by hand into a hopper, which automatically feeds the wool to the first stages of the wool washer. Generally, three or more washers are combined in a unit, the wool passing from one to the other by automatic conveyors. The washing solution usually consists of mixtures of soap, soda ash, and water in varying strengths. The last tank, which usually contains clear water, rinses the wool before drying. As the wool emerges from the mangles on the last tank, it passes through steam-heated dryers. In some cases, the wool is again picked and carded, but generally it is bagged or baled after being dried. Some scouring plants chemically treat the water tanks in which the wool has been washed to recover oil and suet, which may be dried and bagged or baled as fertilizer.
Sisal (a stiff fiber used for cordage and rope) garnetting is additionally included in Code 2211.
Massachusetts Refer to Code 2260 for those insureds engaged in wool combing or scouring operations.